Saturday, February 26, 2011
Types and Shadows (similitudes of Issac and Jesus)
how these characters are used as similitudes (or types/shadows of things to come):
Abraham represents God the Father.
His servant, Eliezer, represents the Holy Spirit.
His family represents Israel, the true believers—a type of the church.
His son, Isaac, represents Christ.
Rebekah represents the Bride of Christ.
The Hebrew word for “similitudes” is Damah, which means “to compare, devise, mean, think, and use similitudes.” Looking at this word closer, we see in the Hebrew pictorial: Dalet (“door”), Mem (“water, change, transition”), and Hay (“behold”). This word is found in Hosea 12:10: “I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets.” Wilson’s Old Testament Word Studies defines “similitudes” as “likeness, representation, or image.”
The author of Hebrews writes in 11:19, “Accounting that God was able to raise Him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure (or type).” And 1 Corinthians 10:11 says, “Now all these things happened unto them for examples (“type or shadow”): and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.”
Other examples of similitudes are mentioned in 2 Chronicles 4:3 and Daniel 10:16.
Scripture tells us these stories have been told to make us think and recognize they have been given as “types” or “examples” for us seeking to know what God’s desire is in finding a bride for His son.
A Demonstration of “Types” in Geneses 22-24
Genesis 22:2—Abraham was told to sacrifice Isaac. Type of—Jesus as the offering for sin.
Genesis 22:4—Isaac was good as dead for three days in Abraham’s eyes. Type of—Jesus in the grave for three days.
Genesis 22:5—Abraham believed Isaac would be raised (on the third day). Type of—Jesus raised on the third day.
Genesis 22:6, 8—Both father and son were in agreement (Amos 3:3). Type of—the Father and Son in agreement (Luke 22:42).
Genesis 22:12—Abraham did not withhold his son. Type of—God giving His only Son (John 3:16).
Genesis 24:1-4—Abraham sent his servant to get a bride for Isaac. Type of—God sending His Holy Spirit to prepare His bride, the Church (John 14:26).
Genesis 24:13—Abraham’s servant met Isaac’s bride by a well. Type of—the Spirit giving springs of living water (John 4:10, 14, 7:38-39).
Genesis 15:4—Abraham’s servant’s name was Eliezer, which means “comforter.” Type of—Jesus sending the Comforter (John 16:7).
Genesis 24—Eliezer’s name is not mentioned. Type of—the Spirit not speaking of Himself (John 16:13).
Genesis 24:58—Rebekah agreed to go to her husband without ever seeing him. Type of—the Church first seeing Christ at His return (John 20:29, 1 Thessalonians 4:16).
Genesis 22:19—After the offering, Isaac is not mentioned until he met his bride. Type of—Jesus being seen by the Church at His return (Revelation 1:7).
Bible scholars agree that Isaac represents the Messiah. As Abraham gave his son Isaac, in whom centered the promises, to be sacrificed, so the Heavenly Father gave His Son, Jesus, to be the Sin-Offering for Adam and his race, and received Him again from the dead, as Abraham figuratively received Isaac (Hebrews 11:17-19).
Isaac’s bride, Rebekah, typifies the Bride of Christ, which will become Jesus's bride at the resurrection, of His second coming. The correspondences are remarkable. If Isaac represents Jesus, then Abraham represents the Heavenly Father, and Eliezer, the servant, sent to fetch the bride, typifies the work of the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of Truth.
There are twelve similarities between Isaac and Jesus:
Isaac is the promised seed (Genesis 17:16). Jesus is the promised seed (Galatians 3:16).
Isaac’s birth was a miracle—it was physically impossible for him to be conceived (Genesis 17:17-19). Jesus’s birth was miraculous, being conceived by the Holy Ghost and born of a virgin (Matthew 1:18-25).
Abraham is instructed to sacrifice his son (Genesis 22:1-2). God spared not His only Son (John 3:16, Romans 8:32).
The sacrifice is on Mount Moriah (Genesis 22:1-2). Jesus died on Mount Moriah (Calvary).
Isaac was obedient to his father unto death (Genesis 22:5-12). Jesus was obedient unto death (Philippians 2:5-8).
A ram is substituted for Isaac (Genesis 22:13). Christ’s death was a substitution for us (2 Corinthians 5:21).
After Isaac’s obedience, his mother Sarah dies (Genesis 23:1). After the death of Christ, Israel was set aside.
Abraham sends his oldest servant to select a bride for his son (Genesis 24). The bride responds to the servant even though she is in a foreign country. The Holy Spirit is sent out into the world to seek out the church. The church responds even though she is in the devil’s world, among Gentiles (Ephesians 6:12).
Rebekah, before marrying Isaac, acquires silver and gold (Genesis 24:53). Before the marriage to Christ the bridegroom, the Church acquires gold, silver, and precious stones (1 Corinthians 3:12-15).
Isaac went out and brought Rebekah into his mother’s tent (Genesis 24:63-67). Jesus meets
the church in the air (1 Thessalonians 4:13-18) and takes her to His Father’s house (John 14:1-3).
Abraham gives all things to Isaac (Genesis 25:5). God has given all things to Jesus the Messiah (Ephesians 1:22; Hebrews 1:2).
God’s covenant was confirmed with Isaac (Genesis 26:3-5). Jesus’s spiritual children are the children of promise (Romans 9:8).
~ Doves Eyes ~